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Reputation-based Mechanisms for Evolutionary Master-Worker Computing

Evgenia Christoforou, PhD Student, IMDEA Networks Institute & University Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M), Spain
10 December 2013 - 1:15pm

Room 4.0.D01 - Torres Quevedo Building, University Carlos III of Madrid, Avda. Universidad, 30, 28911 Leganés – Madrid

We consider Internet-based Master-Worker task computing systems, such as SETI@home, where a master sends tasks to potentially unreliable workers, and the workers execute and report back the result. We model such computations using evolutionary dynamics and consider three types of workers: altruistic, malicious and rational. Altruistic workers always compute and return the correct result, malicious workers always return an incorrect result, and rational (selfish) workers decide to be truthful or to cheat, based on the strategy that increases their benefit. The goal of the master is to reach eventual correctness, that is, reach a state of the computation that always receives the correct results. To this respect, we propose a mechanism that uses reinforcement learning to induce a correct behavior to rational workers; to cope with malice we employ reputation schemes. We analyze our reputation-based mechanism modeling it as a Markov chain and we give provable guarantees under which truthful behavior can be ensured. Simulation results, obtained using parameter values that are likely to occur in practice, reveal interesting trade-offs between various metrics, parameters and reputation types, affecting cost, time of convergence to a truthful behavior and tolerance to cheaters.

About Evgenia Christoforou

I received my BSc and MSc degree in Computer Science from the University of Cyprus (UCY), Cyprus, in June 2009 and June 2012, respectively. I have worked as a Research Assistant at the University of Cyprus investigating the foundations, principles, feasibility, and cost-reliability tradeoffs of Master-Worker Internet–based computing applications, such as SETI@home and Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. In November 2012 I joined IMDEA Networks as a Research Assistant.

Evgenia Christoforou's Personal Site

This event will be conducted in English

Organization: 

NETCOM Research Group (Telematics Engineering Department, UC3M); Institute IMDEA Networks